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TUM Opens Central Institute for Catalysis Research
New research facility inaugurated
With the inauguration of the TUM Catalysis Research Center (CRC), the Technical University of Munich (TUM) sets an international highlight in the field of catalysis research. Scientists from five departments, as well as industrial cooperation partners, will collaborate on research under one roof to meet the challenges of energy and resource saving production of chemical raw materials, fine chemicals and pharmaceutical products. Due to the supra-regional significance of the center, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) contributed to the total construction cost of 84.5 million euro for the newly erected facility.
Catalysts are the key to sustainable, energy and resource conserving chemical conversion of materials. The use of biogenic raw materials in the future, as well as the extraction, storage and conversion of energy depends on advances in applied catalyst research. The global market for catalysts has topped 18 billion euros and continues to grow. Yet, even fundamental problems like the catalytic utilization of natural gas (methane) to produce refined intermediary chemical products remain unsolved.
In its new research facility, the TU Munich will tackle the interdisciplinary challenges of modern catalysis as a systems science, bundling available competency from the Departments of Chemistry and Physics and augmenting them with approaches from engineering, computer science and mathematics.
“In this kind of research, there are no longer borders between the classical disciplines of engineering and natural sciences. Under the shared roof of the Catalysis Research Center we bring widely divergent methodological approaches to convergence,” says TUM President Prof. Wolfgang A. Hermann, who, himself a catalysis researcher, initiated the new research facility. “The product diversity of our technological society will be feasible in the future only if valuable products are produced, excess products decomposed and harmful products avoided through the use of specific catalysts.”
One of a kind research infrastructure
The Catalyst Research Center is tightly linked methodically and thematically with existing campus facilities like the Departments of Chemistry, Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Mathematics, and Computer Science, as well as the research center for white biotechnology and the TUM International Graduate School of Science and Engineering (IGSSE), a result of the Excellence Initiative 2006. This is flanked by the newly founded research center for synthetic biotechnology (supported by the Werner Siemens-Stiftung) and various infrastructure facilities, in particular the research neutron source of the Bavarian NMR Center and the supercomputers of the Leibniz Computing Center.
The center is also home to the strategic research alliance “Munich Catalysis” (MuniCat). In the vein of the “Industry on Campus” concept, TUM scientists work here in collaboration with researchers of Clariant AG to answer important questions in basic and applied research in the field of chemical catalysis. The Wacker Institute of Silicon Technology is a further topically integrated partner in the research program.
TUM used the planning and construction phases to establish new catalysis-relevant professorships. It extended the spectrum with professorships of bio-organic chemistry, computer-aided biocatalysis, industrial biocatalysis, technical electrochemistry, physical chemistry/catalysis, silicon chemistry, solid body NMR spectroscopy, biomolecular NMR spectroscopy, selective separation technology and systems biology.
Associated with the CRC are research activities of the Competence Center for Renewable Raw Materials in Straubing where, among other things, ethanol is produced biocatalytically from agricultural products. “The completed expansion of the biochemical and biophysical research facilities at TUM – also with multiple new professorships – strengthens the catalysis focus in the biopharmaceutical domain,” said TUM President Wolfgang A. Hermann. Shortly a new building dedicated to protein research will be erected next to the Catalysis Research Center. “Thus, TUM is now positioned as an international leader with a coherent overall concept.”
Research center with supraregional significance
“Hardly any product of the chemical industry would be economically and ecologically feasible without catalysts. Catalysis research is thus a key technology – especially in a raw material poor country like Germany,” said Stefan Müller, parliamentary state secretary in the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). “The TU München is already doing world-class catalysis research. The new center will bolster this position significantly. The construction, which was supported with funding of almost 29 million euro from the BMBF, will thus make an important contribution to strengthening the research location Germany.”
“With the Departments of Chemistry, Physics, Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science, the TUM neutron research source and the super computers of the Leibniz Computing Center, the research campus Garching has a one of a kind infrastructure worldwide,” said the Bavarian Economic Minister Dr. Ludwig Spaenle. “With the new Catalysis Research Center we have now created a site at which the existing synergies can converge and become effective. We are strengthening the international competitiveness of the scientific and economic regions of Bavaria and Germany with the new Catalysis Research Center.”